Orthodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities, primarily concerning misaligned teeth and jaws.
The primary goal of orthodontic treatment is to improve the appearance, function, and overall oral health of patients by correcting these issues.

1- Braces: Traditional braces consist of metal brackets that are bonded to the teeth and connected by archwires. These braces exert gentle pressure on the teeth, gradually moving them into proper alignment over time. They are adjustable and allow for precise control of tooth movement.

2- Clear aligners: Clear aligners, such as Invisalign, are transparent, removable trays that are custom-made to fit over the teeth. They gradually shift the teeth into the desired position, offering a more discreet and convenient alternative to traditional braces.

3- Retainers: After the active phase of orthodontic treatment, patients are often required to wear retainers. Retainers help maintain the corrected position of the teeth and prevent them from shifting back to their original misalignment. Retainers can be removable or fixed (bonded to the teeth).

4- Space maintainers: In cases where a child loses a primary (baby) tooth prematurely, space maintainers may be used to preserve the space and guide the eruption of the permanent teeth, preventing crowding or misalignment.

5- Jaw growth modification: Orthodontic treatment can address skeletal discrepancies in the jaws. This may involve using orthodontic appliances, such as headgear or functional appliances, to influence the growth and position of the jaws in children and adolescents.

6- Surgical orthodontics: In certain complex cases, orthodontic treatment may be combined with orthognathic (jaw) surgery. This approach helps correct severe jaw misalignments and skeletal discrepancies that cannot be addressed with orthodontics alone.

Orthodontic treatment typically involves a comprehensive evaluation, including the examination of the teeth, jaws, and facial structures, along with the use of diagnostic imaging and records. The orthodontist develops a personalized treatment plan based on the patient’s specific needs and desired outcomes.

Orthodontic services can benefit patients of all ages, from children to adults, and can address various issues, including crowded or spaced teeth, overbites, underbites, crossbites, open bites, and other dental and skeletal irregularities. Orthodontic treatment not only enhances the appearance of the smile but also contributes to improved oral health and overall well-being.